Biological transmutation
Biological transmutation
Reference from Science Citation Index

Detection of endogenous lithium in neuropsychiatric disorders - a model for biological transmutation

Kurup RK, Kurup PA


17 (1): 29-33 JAN 2002

Document type: Article Language: English Cited References: 25 Times Cited: 0


The human hypothalmus produces an endogenous membrane Na+-K+ ATPase inhibitor, digoxin. A digoxin induced model of cellular/neuronal quantal state and perception has been described by the authors. Biological transmutation has been described in microbial systems in the quantal state. The study focuses on the plasma levels of digoxin, RBC membrane Na+-K+ ATPase activity, plasma levels of magnesium and lithium in neuropsychiatric and systemic disorders. Inhibition of RBC membrane Na+-K+ ATPase activity was observed in most cases along with an increase in the levels of serum digoxin and lithium and a decrease in the level of serum Mg++. The generation of endogenous lithium would obviously occur due to biological transmutation from magnesium. Digoxin and lithium together can produce added membrane Na+-K+ ATPase inhibition. The role of membrane Na+-K+ ATPase inhibition in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric and systemic disorders is discussed. The inhibition of membrane Na+-K+ ATPase can contribute to an increase in intracellular calcium and a decrease in magnesium, which can result in a defective neurotransmitter transport mechanism, mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis, defective golgi body function and protein processing dysfunction, immune dysfunction and oncogenesis. Copyright (C) 2002 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

Author Keywords:
Na+-K+ ATPase, digoxin, lithium, magnesium, quantal state, transmutation

Kurup PA, T-C-4-1525,N Cliff House,Kattu Rd, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
Coll Med, Dept Neurol, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
Metab Disorders Res Ctr, Trivandrum, Kerala, India