Ethical societiesWhat is an ethical society?
Felix Adler (1851-1933), judaism
Father, Samuel Adler, immigrated to US from Germany
Rabbi of Temple Emanu-El (Reform Judaism)
Graduated w/honors, Columbia (1870) studied at Heidelberg
1874 - Professor of Hebrew and Oriental literature, Cornell
Sermon "The Judaism of the Future" (1876) didn't mention God, shocked congregation
New York Society for Ethical Culture, 1877 - "deed, not creed"
1877 - district nursing
1878 - free kindergarten, developed into Fieldston School
1885 - Tenement House Building Company* The belief that morality is independent of theology;Stanton Coit converts South Place Religious Society to South Place Ethical Scociety (London, 1888)
* The affirmation that new moral problems have arisen in modern industrial society which have not been adequately dealt with by the world's religions;
* The duty to engage in philanthropy in the advancement of morality;
* The belief that self-reform should go in lock step with social reform;
* The establishment of republican rather than monarchical governance of Ethical societies
* The agreement that educating the young is the most important aim.
Adler, 1902 - chair of political and social ethics, Columbia University, taught until 1933.